Pet birds are birds that are at home for pleasure not for work. Right pet bird diet, a clean cage, fresh bird food and water, safe bird toys, exercise, and lots of attention are included in care of pet birds. Pet birdcages should have plenty of space for activity or food.
BEHAVIOUR OF PET BIRDS
Birds are intelligent, curious, and are easily amused with simple toys and love to explore their surroundings
Birds need environmental enrichment to reduce the chance of feather picking
Birds with unrestricted access in the home will encounter numerous dangers and should be housed in a “bird friendly” safe room.
Birds need fresh, specifically formulated diets. Treats should be limited to only 5% of the diet. Dark green vegetables and fruits can be 10-30% of diet. As a rule of thumb, a healthy diet for most bird breeds consists of 75% pellets and 25% human table foods. Bird pellets, crumbles, or nuggets can be a good way of ensuring adequate nutrition to the. Feed new seed daily. Always empty out the eaten shells the same day too, as this keeps the seed fresh and clean.
PROVIDE CONSTANT FRESH WATER
There should be a water dish provided, fill this daily with average temperature water. Give water in a large, shallow dish, since birds can struggle to drink out of deep dishes. Change water daily to ensure that it is always fresh. Place the water dish at the opposite end of the bird’s cage from the food dish. This will force them to move around and be active to eat and drink. Dehydration can occur very quickly in birds, within 1 to 2 days without access to water.
Enclosures should be as large as possible, with the bird able to fully extend its wings and flap without touching the sides of the enclosure. It should be clean, secure, and safe and constructed of durable, non-toxic materials, with varied perches. Avoid placing perches directly over food or water to prevent contamination. Access to natural light is preferred. Birds outside of cages need constant supervision to avoid access to other pets, small children, and any household toxins.
BIRD HYGIENE AND HEALTH
Inspect your bird at least once a year. Take your bird to the vet immediately if it gets sick. Birds are fully capable of handling their own grooming. Most likely, the bird will clean itself in its water bowl, provided the bowl is large enough for it to use as a bath. Also, birds bath to keep cool in warmer weather, so be sure to provide water for washing in when the temperature is on the warmer side.
CLEAN THE CAGE ON A DAILY BASIS.
A clean cage reduces the changes for bacterial, fungal or viral infections. Regular removal of bird droppings is very important for maintaining good bird health. A bird living in a clean environment tends to be a more active and happy. To keep the cage clean:
- Change the bedding regularly.
- Remove droppings from perches/toys.
- Remove uneaten food that has been sitting around on the base of the cage.
- If your bird is molting there will be a need to vacuum up the molted feathers daily, this tends to occur when there is a warm spell.
- Only clean with basic, non-toxic cleaning supplies. Birds are easily poisoned, so find out if a product is safe for birds before using it.
TOYS AND PERCHES FOR BIRDS
Make sure they are bird-safe and that toes or beaks cannot get caught in any parts of the toys. Hanging mirrors and bells make great bird toys. Be sure that the bell does not have small gaps in it though, as this can become caught up in the bird’s feet.
Items that are not safe on toys used for birds include: frayed ropes (could entangle bird feet and beaks); wire (might impale the bird); “jingle-bell” type bells (the bird’s feet might be get stuck in the small cracks).
Set up differently shaped and textured perches for the birds. Birds will spend the majority of their time perched in their cage, so set up a few different perches at different heights. Set perches on opposite sides of the cage as well, so the birds can fly and exercise. It include some wooden perches, and some natural tree branches it helps “file”and cleaning the bird’s beak and nails, so there is less work for you. If it is a natural wood perch, be sure to scrub thoroughly before use, and do not use any cleaning products because many of these contain ingredients that can be toxic to birds.